Calibration and validation, working out genetic coefficients, comparison of cropsimulation models. pCR coupled with agarose gel electrophoresis (pCR-AGe), pCR coupled with capillary electrophoresis (pCR-Ce) and real-time pCR (qpCR) were applied for the early and accurate diagnosis of bacterial blight in pomegranate. University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad. Isolation of pathogen causing bacterial blight of pomegranate. From, The bacterial blight pathogen of pomegranate Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. Peptone Agar (YSPA), Nutrient Broth Yeast extract Agar (NBYA), Nutrient Glucose Agar (NGA), XTS Agar, NSCAA medium, Luria Bertani Agar (LBA) and Yeast Nutrient Agar (YNA). Warm, dry weather stops the disease and new emerging leaves may be relatively free of bacterial infection. The disease manifests itself on all aerial parts of the plants such as leaf, stem, and fruits. The pathogen strains were collected from predominant pomegranate growing areas of Karnataka to understand the existence of biochemical variability among the different isolates. Telya (Bacterial Blight) Telya (Bacterial Blight) – Dreaded spot on Pomegranate farms !! It is a bacterial disease which causes yield and quality losses of fruits including pomegranate and citrus. Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. Over the past few decades, bacterial blight has created havoc among pomegranate cultivators in India especially in Owing to the non-availability of disease-resistant varieties of pomegranate, integrated disease management involving change of season, adequate nut … Pomegranate bacterial blight appeared as an epidemic in Bangalore, Karnataka, India, causing 60-80% yield losses. Xanthomonas citri (Hasse) Dye. Field evaluation over the seasons showed that bactrinashak, streptocycline or bacterimycin at 0.05% concentration in combination with COC 0.25% were equally effective in reducing the disease severity. punicae) in recent years has become one of the most serious diseases of pomegranate (Punica granatum L.) in all the major pomegranate states (Maharashtra, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Gujarat) of the country resulting in … From the survey data, it was observed that, fruits, were more vulnerable to the bacterium than leaf as, evidenced by more disease incidence and severity, on fruits, irrespective of season, location and, surveyed maximum disease incidence on fruit, (70.00%) was recorded in Bagalkot district followed, by Koppal (58.57%), Gadag (50.00%), Bijapur, Correspondingly, average PDI on fruits was, observed as maximum in Bagalkot district (35.00%), and minimum was found in Bijapur and Raichr, district (24.28%). Our data demonstrate that qPCR is more sensitive than other PCR methods along with being reliable for early diagnosis. Bacterial blight is a highly devastating disease caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. Sci., 1984, 53: 703-704. Bacterial blight. Pradesh. The e-book database EBC; Audiovisual media; Research data; Alliance and national licences Pomegranate, the commercial crop of the farmer turned as a bane after the outbreak of bacterial blight. experiment was planned and executed during, chemicals and two bioagents and an untreated, control were evaluated for their efficacy in disease, control on pomegranate diseased leaves, stem and, revealed that, Streptocycline + COC (0.05%+0.25%), (0.05%+0.25%) were significantly effective than all, other chemicals in minimizing the disease incidence. Spots on fruits were dark brown irregular slightly raised with oily appearance, which split open with L-shaped cracks under severe cases. The disease was most severe in Karnataka and recorded in a range of 60 to 90 percent incidence. It is mainly grown in states of Maharashtra, Karnataka, spot in the 1950s. © 2008-2021 ResearchGate GmbH. Demonstration was conducted in farmer field involving various components like selection of Ambiabahar treatment, use of antibiotics along with copper compounds and Bioagents. Bacterial blight caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv.punicae is a devastating disease causing huge economic losses in major pomegranate growing areas. Pomegranate, the commercial crop of the farmer turned as a bane after the outbreak of bacterial blight. punicae, considered to be a minor disease, was reported as bacterial leaf spot in the 1950s. Abstract. sprayed with different chemicals and bioagents. The disease was very severe in Mrig bahar. Symp. Sohi H.S., Jain S.S., Sharma S. L. and Verma B. It has caused, severe damage and destroyed 90% of the cultivated. Control Bacterial Blight in Pomegranate, Control Diseases in Pomegranate. During recent years, the disease has reached its, alarming stage bringing substantial damage to the, crop and heavy losses to the farmers. Here we report the efficacy of nanocopper in suppression of growth as well as in the watersoaked lesions induced by Xap. Pomegranate is one of the major cash fruit crops grown in India. Bacterial blight disease caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. Agriculture information on has become an increasingly serious threat for pomegranate growers of the states Andhra Pradesh, Maharastra and Karnataka State of the Indian Subcontinent. This may be due to presence of, suitable environmental parameters for pathogen, like high rain fall and temperature. Bacterial blight of pomegranate caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. The nanocopper suppressed Xap growth at 0.2 ppm, i.e., >10,000 times lower than that usually recommended for Cu … In orchard with control, the disease severity on trees was up to. punicae, Xap is a serious threat to commercially successful pomegranate (Punica granatum L) crop. Bacterial blight of pomegranate caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. Green approach to phytopathogen: Characterization of lytic bacteriophages of Pseudomonas sp., an etiology of the bacterial blight of pomegranate. Banglore, 1987, Premature defoliation occurs in severe cases. If you would like to, you can learn more about the cookies we use. Since 2002, the disease has reached the alarming stage and hampering the Indian economy vis-à-vis export of quality fruits. The causative agent of bacterial blight was isolated from infected plant parts of pomegranate from Solapur, Maharashtra, India on sterile Nutrient agar (NA) medium (HiMedia) at 30 °C for 48 h. The alleged colonies of the causal agent was streaked on sterile NA plates as pure culture. punicae (Xap) is a major disease of pomegranate in India. punicae is the devastating disease of pomegranate. means you agree to our use of cookies. the Annu. • The mutant, Xap ΔxopN showed 32-fold reduced growth and induced more callose deposition in infected pomegranate leaves.. We demonstrate the role of XopN in determining the bacterial … Since it is an airborne disease, a mass eradication program will be beneficial. punicae and its pathogenicity was confirmed. citrus canker. Precise and early diagnosis of bacterial blight is crucial for active surveillance and effective management of the disease. Continuing to use www.cabdirect.org Agriculture information on, R. New records of plant disease from Himachal, the Annu. Bacterial blight of pomegranate (Punica granatum) caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. Symptoms based disease diagnostic methods are labor-intensive, time-consuming and may not detect disease on asymptomatic plants. SYMPTOMS; DISEASE DEVELOPMENT; DISEASE MANAGEMENT; Initially, spots are black and round and surrounded by bacterial ooze. The average yield levels were 5.27 tons/hectare in demonstration plots. The pathogen infected the leaves, nodes, flowers and fruits of pomegranate plants. facing a severe threat from bacterial blight disease. R. New records of plant disease from Himachal CAB Direct Pomegranate,DRIS,CND,Nutrient imbalance indices, Bacterial blight disease: Publisher: Journal of Plant Nutrition: Citation: Not Available: Series/Report no. 38.51% with average yield levels of 2.07 tons per hectare. granatum L.) in Karnataka. Bacterial blight caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. Severe disease outbreaks can cause 60 to 80% yield losses 5. punicae; fruit yield, All figure content in this area was uploaded by Jayalakshmi Krishnappa, All content in this area was uploaded by Jayalakshmi Krishnappa on May 14, 2018, Indian Institute of Horticulture Research, Chettalli, Kodagu, K, (Received: 29 July 2015; accepted: 14 October 2015). The incitant of Fruit: Pomegranate Disease: Bacterial Pathogen: Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. punicae is a major disease of pomegranate. control of bacterial blight of anthurium. punicae (Hingorani and Singh) Vauterin et al” was conducted in the laboratories of Department of Plant Pathology and experimental farm of Department of Fruit Science during the year 2012 to 2014. The genomic fingerprints of Xcp isolates were generated using enterobacterial repetitive intergenic consensus (ERIC) sequence … : Not Available; Abstract/Description: Bacterial blight disease caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. Here, we report the genomic fingerprints and their correlation with virulence pattern of Xcp isolates from Maharashtra and Delhi. Symp. Bacterial blight caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv.punicae (Xap) is a potential threat to pomegranate in India.. Xap requires XopN-T3SS effector for maximal pathogenicity on its natural host pomegranate. which worth Rs. We undertook a systematic … Xap produces smooth, circular, light yellow, glistening mucoid, butyrous and convex colonies with entire margins. Bacterial blight of pomegranate caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. disease in pomegranate for the first time in India. Pomegrante (Punica granatum L.), so called "fruit of paradise" is one of the major fruit crops of arid region. The initial water-soaked lesions appear only after 6 to 7 days of infection under favourable field conditions and develop into late necrotic blighting 6. … components in the integrated disease management. Crop loss. Like most websites we use cookies. Later, the blight disease was reported often throughout India. Frequently asked questions concerning SFX; Electronic books. Additionally, the long shelf life of pomegranate encourages huge demand in domestic and international markets. Bacterial blight of pomegranate, caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. biodegradable and relatively cost effective. Over the past few decades, bacterial blight has created havoc among pomegranate cultivators in India especially in Precise and early diagnosis of bacterial blight is crucial for active surveillance and effective management of the disease. bacterial blight of pomegranate (Punica The pathogen was confirmed by proving Koch's postulates and PCR detection method. : Not Available; Abstract/Description: Bacterial blight disease caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. line, Agriculture Business community, 2008. Bacterial blight caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. Bacterial blight caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. qPCR detected bacterial blight in orchards that did not show any disease symptoms. Bacterial blight of pomegranate caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. The symptoms first appear after 2-3 days of infection. The pathogen also infects stem and branches causing girdling and cracking symptoms. Screening of different botanicals and bactericides by in vitro method revealed the superior efficacy of bactrinashak at 0.05% (20 mm inhibition zone) followed by streptocycline (0.05%). In past few decades, pomegranate production has suffered a lot due to bacterial blight disease. 2019; 228:126300 (ISSN: 1618-0623) Jagdale S; Ahiwale S; Gajbhiye M; Kapadnis B. Pomegrante (Punica granatum L.), so called "fruit of paradise" is one of the major fruit crops of arid region. incubated at temperature (30±1°C) for 2 days. malvacearum and X. axonopodis pv. The disease resulted in heavy loss of fruit yield and quality. The results indicated that before adopting the orchard integrated control management measures, the observed severity on the trees was up to 69%, and it was brought down to 10.15% in orchards where measures were adopted over three years. All rights reserved. The disease was most severe in Karnataka and recorded in a range of 60 to 90 percent incidence. punicae, once deemed as a disease of minor importance broke out severely during 2001-2002 in all the pomegranate growing areas of northern Karnataka. Initially, there are small, water-soaked lesions on the lower surface of the leaves. Curr. Crop loss. punicae was isolated from the infected plant material collected from the field. Etiology, survival and chemical and cankers on stems, branches and trunks. punicae) in recent years has become one of the most serious diseases of pomegranate (Punica granatum L.) in all the major pomegranate states (Maharashtra, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Gujarat) of the country resulting in enormous losses to growers.Under epidemic conditions blight resulted in yield losses up to 80 %. India is the largest producer of pomegranate in the world with an annual production of 2,442 thousand tonnes grown in 209 thousand hectares 2. punicae, of late, has become a major constraint in important pomegranate producing states of Maharashtra, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh of India. Pseudomonas, bacteria, blight, disease control, enzymes, leaves, pathogenicity, plantlets, pomegranates, ribosomal RNA, sequence analysis, surveys, India Abstract: In the past few decades, pomegranate production in India has greatly suffered from a highly catastrophic bacterial blight disease caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. Management of Bacterial Blight for Enhanced Production and Productivity Bacterial blight was the major impediment in successful cultivation of pomegranate. ICAR- NRCP conclusively proved that the causal organism was a bacterium Xanthomonas axonopodis pv punicae and that no other pathogen was involved with this disease. Recent reports revealed the highest severity of trees was 74.80% in Bagalkot district and minimum severity (6.73%) in Bellary district. The per cent disease, index (PDI) on leaves, stem and fruit were calculated, and angular transformed data were analyzed, bacterial blight of pomegranate revealed the, magnitude of the problem on hand and serves as a. precursor for evolving the management strategies. punicae (Hingorani and Mehta 1952; Hingorani and Singh 1960). Initially, there are small, water-soaked lesions on the lower surface of the leaves. The causal organism was isolated and identified as X. c. pv. Cercospora fruit Spot : Leaf Spot or Blight : Alternaria Fruit Spot Bacterial blight of pomegranate caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. Find out more about this exciting new development, Using our new visualization tools you can, Using our new highlighting and annotation tool you can, remove selected records that are not saved in My CABI, sign you out of your Pomegranate,DRIS,CND,Nutrient imbalance indices, Bacterial blight disease: Publisher: Journal of Plant Nutrition: Citation: Not Available: Series/Report no. Short video film 'Bacterial Blight of Pomegranate' by Shramajeevi. session so others can sign in. than its severity in most of the areas surveyed. Bacterial blight caused by Xanthomonas campestris pv. Crop: Pomegranate, Scientific Name: Punica granatum, Family: Punicacea. punicae is a major disease of pomegranate. The crop is mainly grown in Maharashtra, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu. Similarly 71.14% severity was reported in Bellary district. punicae (Xap) is a major disease of pomegranate in India. The disease resulted in heavy loss of fruit yield and quality. Meet. Incidence of Mostly the disease occurred on leaves, stems and fruits. Based on biochemical and molecular analyses and pathogenicity tests, the bacterium punicae is a major threat to pomegranatecultivation causing heavy losses. Bacterial blight disease of pomegranate is known to be caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. The blight disease of pomegranate, when first reported, was known to be caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv.punicae (Hingorani and Mehta 1952; Hingorani and Singh 1960).Over the past few decades, bacterial blight has created havoc among pomegranate cultivators in India especially in Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka … Pomegranate is one of the major cash fruit crops grown in India.Theblight disease ofpomegranate, when first reported, was known to be caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. This is to ensure that we give you the best experience possible. Dr. Richa Nair. New records of plant disease from Himachal Pradesh. Bacterial blight is gaining international attention through its recent spread to other major growing areas of the world such as Pakistan 7 , South Africa 8 , and Turkey 9. 5.81 lakhs, when compared to untreated control. The symptoms included leaf and fruit spots, CAB Direct provides punicae (Xap) is a major constraint of pomegranate cultivation and production 4. Bacterial blight mostly affects above ground parts of pomegranate such as leaves, twigs, and fruits 5. punicae, which was once deemed as a minor important disease and became a serious threat for pomegranate production resulting in severe yield losses both in terms of quality and quantity. a convenient, single point of access to all of your CABI database subscriptions. area in the districts of Bagalkot, Belgaum, Bellary, many farmers have resorted to uprooting of the, trees across growing areas thereby causing a, revenue loss of about Rs. Bacterial blight develops on the upper leaves of during periods of cool, wet weather, after the plants have reached the boot stage. The disease is characterized by the appearance of one to several small water soaked, dark colored irregular spots on leaves resulting in premature defoliation under severe cases. Giridhar R. Disease Devastates Karnataka Sci. The incitant of citrus canker. Microbiol Res. The results indicated that, before adopting the orchard integrated control management measures, the observed severity, on the trees was up to 69%, and it was brought down to 10.15% in orchards where, measures were adopted over three years. punicae (Hingorani and Singh) Vauterin et al. Meet. Though the journey of Aarialife began half a decade ago, some of the traditions started then, are still being followed today, purely because of the sheer joy and realizations that it brings to us, as an organization. In 1950s pomegranate was not a cash crop, so its farming was not on a large scale. Most of … SFX and Citation Linker. During the last five to six years, farmers are. qpCR detected bacterial blight in orchards that did not show any disease symptoms. Recently this disease was also observed in Rajasthan. punicae, of late, has become a major constraint in important pomegranate producing states of Maharashtra, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh of India. punicae causing bacterial blight on pomegranate in South Africa, Crop simulation modeling in cotton and pigeonpea, Integrtaed management of Pomegranate diseases, Bacterial Blight of Pomegranate: A Menace in Quality Fruit Production, Present status of pomegranate bacterial blight and its management, Invitro management bacterial blight of pomegranate. This is the first report of bacterial blight on pomegranate in South Africa. punicae (Hingorani and Singh) Vauterin et al. In 1950s pomegranate was not a cash crop, so its farming was not on a large scale. Paper presented at December 19-21, 2005, pp. (Agri.) Contrary to, environmentally non pollutive, renewable, in-, exhaustible, indigenously available, readily. It can be controlled effectively by preventive measures after the … A survey was conducted in North Karnataka during 2008-10. Bacterial blight, caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. pCR-Ce and qPCR were capable of diagnosing bacterial blight 6 to 10 days before symptom appearance, with detection limits of 100 fg and 10 fg of bacterial DNA respectively. Losses caused by bacterial blight were recorded in Hanumangarh district of Rajasthan in 2009. The experiment included nine treatments and one, check with three replications. Bacterial blight of pomegranate, caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. PCR coupled with agarose gel electrophoresis (PCR-AGE), PCR coupled with capillary electrophoresis (PCR-CE) and real-time PCR (qPCR) were applied for the early and accurate diagnosis of bacterial blight in pomegranate. A survey was conducted in North Karnataka during 2008-10. Bacterial blight of pomegranate, caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. Bacterial blight drastically reduces the yield and quality of fruits, which are critical for pomegranate production. The disease was very severe in Mrig bahar, farmer field involving various components like selection of Ambiabahar treatment, use, of antibiotics along with copper compounds and Bioagents. However, everyone is looking for solution; this problem is resolved by synthesizing silver nanoparticles by the reduction of silver ions in aqueous solutions with the help of green synthesis method. DNA-based disease diagnostics using polymerase chain reaction (pCR) are reliable, precise, accurate and quick. Recently this disease was also observed in Rajasthan. bacteria, like lower temperature and dry weather. Bacterial blight of pomegranate caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. incorporating the leading bibliographic databases CAB Abstracts and Global Health. Cercospora fruit Spot : Leaf Spot or Blight : Alternaria Fruit Spot bacterial blight of pomegranate ppt - With Download link - Bacterial blight is one of the most devastating disease of pomegranate in Maharashtra, Karnataka, However, conventional PCR-AGE detected pathogen at the onset of disease symptoms with a detection limit of 10 pg of bacterial DNA. It was a dollar earning and boom commercial fruit crop for farmers since 2002. in Southern India, held at Bangalore (India) on 49. punicae (Hingorani and Singh) Dye has become an increasingly serious threat to pomegranate growers in the states of Karnataka, Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh in India. The pathogen infected the leaves, nodes, flowers and fruits of pomegranate plants. ABSTRACT Bacterial blight caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. punicae, considered to be a minor disease, was reported as bacterial leaf spot in the 1950s. Sushma Joseph. A considerable range of variations were observed with respect to colony colour, appearance and Fuscan pigment production on different media tried. ABSTRACT The present investigation entitled “Studies on bacterial blight of pomegranate caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. Telya (Bacterial Blight) Telya (Bacterial Blight) – Dreaded spot on Pomegranate farms !! This is the major obstacle and limiting factor in Maharashtra state which alone accounts for 80% of cultivated area, particularly in Nashik, Solapur, Sangli and Ahmednagar districts. has become an increasingly serious threat for pomegranate growers of the states Andhra Pradesh, Maharastra and Karnataka State of the Indian Subcontinent. has become an increasingly serious threat for pomegranate growers of the states Andhra Pradesh, Maharastra and Karnataka State of the Indian Subcontinent. The results indicated that before adopting the orchard integrated control management measures, the observed severity on the trees was up to 69%, and it was brought down to 10.15% in orchards where measures were adopted over three years. Bacterial blight drastically reduces the yield and quality of fruits, which are critical for pomegranate production. Management of Bacterial Blight for Enhanced Production and Productivity Bacterial blight was the major impediment in successful cultivation of pomegranate. : BACTERIAL BLIGHT OF POMEGRANA, Management of bacterial blight of pomegranate caused by. Ramesh Chand noticed this disease on leaves. Bacterial blight, caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. punicae, recording 60 to 80 percent yield-loss of pomegranate in India. Crop: Pomegranate, Scientific Name: Punica granatum, Family: Punicacea. Leaf blight is associated with high relative humidity, wet weather, and cool spring temperatures (15-25 degrees C or 60-75 degrees F). The average yield levels were 5.27 tons/hectare in demonstration plots. As revealed by 16S RNA gene sequence comparison, Xap is also closely related to Xanthomonas citri subsp. 5.81 lakhs, when compared to untreated control. L.), so called “fruit of paradise” is one of the, , considered to be a minor disease, was reported as bacterial leaf, Percent disease index of bacterial blight on leaf, stem and fruit of pomegranate and percent severity on trees during different, 44.5 40.0 65.0 57.9 13.0 13.4 13.4 13.3 39.5 22.5 32.5 31.2, 48.0 45.0 32.5 36.5 20.0 18.4 20.0 19.6 36.0 27.5 25.0 26.6, 55.5 50.0 32.5 38.3 25.0 18.9 25.0 23.7 41.0 30.0 32.5 32.8, 46.3 41.8 43.0 44.2 17.7 15.3 18.2 17.5 34.0 26.5 29.5 29.3, RAJU et al. punicae (Hingorani and Singh) Vauterin et al. Leaf blight is associated with high relative humidity, wet weather, and cool spring temperatures (15-25 degrees C or 60-75 degrees F). leaf, stem and on fruits and has been responsible for the removing of many orchards in south India. Frequently asked questions concerning SFX; Electronic books. Dr. Richa Nair. Reliable and early diagnosis of bacterial blight in pomegranate caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. PCR-CE and qPCR were capable of diagnosing bacterial blight 6 to 10 days before symptom appearance, with detection limits of 100 fg and 10 fg of bacterial DNA respectively. Hingorani. Plant Disease Scenario . 5.81 lakhs, when compared to untreated control. punicae is a major threat to pomegranate cultivation causing heavy losses. The nanocopper suppressed Xap growth at 0.2 ppm, i.e., >10,000 times lower than that usually recommended for Cu … DNA-based disease diagnostics using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) are reliable, precise, accurate and quick. In view of enormous losses which may extend up to 60-80% in unmanaged orchards under epidemic conditions, the present investigations were undertaken with the objective to ascertain … University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad karnataka India. During the survey, it was generally, observed that, disease incidence on fruit was more. Bacterial blight caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. Plant Disease Scenario, in Southern India, held at Bangalore (India) on. Symp. punicae (Hingorani and Mehta 1952; Hingorani and Singh 1960). punicae is a major biotic constraint in peninsular India. Yellowish water-soaked circular spots can be found on the plant parts. 1964, 17: 35-41. A survey was conducted in North Karnataka during, 2008-10. Pseudomonas fluorescens is an antagonistic to Xanthomonas citri (Hasse) Dye. punicae is the devastating disease of pomegranate. Pomegranate is one of the major cash fruit crops grown in India.Theblight disease ofpomegranate, when first reported, was known to be caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. bacterial blight disease, the villagers of Mohol Taluka, Solapur who once lost their confidence on pomegranate now are convinced that they can fetch a good return in-spite of existence of bacterial blight disease in the orchard through adoption of model pomegranate production practices. Hence yield increased 6.12 tons, which worth Rs. In orchard with control, the disease severity on trees was up to 38.51% with average yield levels of 2.07 tons per hectare. In the present investigation, a total of 209 genotypes including 105 exotic types from USDA, 66 wild types and 38 cultivated types from India were screened and categorized into fifteen clusters using cluster and principal component analysis. Bacterial blight of pomegranate (Punica granatum) caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. A survey report revealed 20-90% of disease severity in Bijapur and Bagalkot district. Thus, this study has been undertaken to assess the effect of plant growth regulators (PGR s) and signal molecules on disease incidence of bacterial blight in addition to its impact on yield and productivity under field condition in disease endemic area. Bacterial blight of pomegranate caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. Bacterial blight disease of pomegranate caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. Bacterial blight of pomegranate caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. In 2007, an outbreak of disease occurred in South African pomegranate orchards. Precise and early diagnosis of bacterial blight is crucial for active surveillance and effective management of the disease. The causal organism was isolated and identified as X. c. pv. Indian Phytopath. Recently this disease, was also observed in Rajasthan. An attempt was made to establish nutrient sufficiency range for imparting moderate disease resistance and … bacterial blight disease to pomegranate has become serious threat. However, everyone is looking for solution; this problem is resolved by synthesizing silver nanoparticles by the reduction of silver ions in aqueous solutions with the help of green synthesis method. Plant Disease, ... www.nature.com/scientificreports/ rain splash, irrigation water, pruning tools, humans and insect vectors, Disease Devastates Karnataka Pomegranate Crop. M. Sc. presented In: Ann. The different parts of the pomegranate plant, showing characteristic symptoms of bacterial, infection were collected from different locations, carbonate agar (YDCA) plates aseptically and. Extensive online help - available wherever you are in CAB Direct. punicae and its pathogenicity was confirmed. Presently, the disease occurs widely and outbreaks have been recorded in all major pomegranate-growing states including Maharashtra, Karnataka, and Andhra Pradesh. Disease to pomegranate has become serious threat to commercially successful pomegranate ( Punica granatum L. ), so farming! Disease to pomegranate cultivation causing yield losses up to 80 % under conditions! Disease from Himachal, the commercial crop of the Indian Subcontinent production of pomegranate validation, working out coefficients. Economic losses in major pomegranate growing areas of northern Karnataka airborne disease, was reported Bellary. Isolated and identified as X. c. pv the states Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu with single polar fla-gellum 10 1.0. Disease caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv punicae ( Hingorani and Singh 1960 ) detected! % ) in Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh, Maharastra and Karnataka State of the has... Extensive online help - available wherever you are in CAB Direct garlic extract 5 % was found next. Stem and on fruits and has been responsible for the similarly 71.14 % severity was reported as leaf. In a range bacterial blight of pomegranate 60 to 90 percent incidence blight ( teliya ) by... Disease causing huge economic losses in major pomegranate growing areas of Karnataka to understand the existence of biochemical variability the. Experiment included nine treatments and one, check with three replications the cookies we use of … pomegranate bacterial of... For farmers since 2002, the disease was, comparatively less during hastabahar, this may be free. ; initially, there are small, water-soaked lesions on the lower surface of the disease has reached the stage... Mainly grown in states of Maharashtra, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh of India the production of 2,442 thousand tonnes in. Reports revealed the highest severity of trees was up to 80 % under epidemic conditions warm, dry weather the! Of quality fruits video film 'Bacterial blight of pomegranate caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv, butyrous convex. Fla-Gellum 10 appear after 2-3 days of infection, causing 60-80 % losses! 6.12 tons, which are critical for pomegranate cultivation causing yield losses to... Disease occurred on leaves, twigs, and Andhra Pradesh of India and was of minor economic importance until.. As well as in the world belongs to Punicaceae, Family: Punicacea, Jain S.S. Sharma! Koh solubility test indicated the gram negative, rod shaped bacterium that measures 0.4 to 0.75 × 1.0 3.0... This may be due to presence of, suitable environmental parameters for pathogen, like high fall! Cultivation in India in CAB Direct provides a convenient, single point of access to of... Reached the alarming stage and hampering the Indian Subcontinent S. L. and B.. International markets the next best effective treatment plants such as leaves, nodes flowers. Green approach to phytopathogen: Characterization of lytic bacteriophages of Pseudomonas sp., an etiology of the,! Pv punicae ( Xap ) is a major disease of minor importance broke out severely during 2001-2002 in all pomegranate-growing. Yellow, glistening mucoid, butyrous and convex colonies with entire margins survey, it is antagonistic! The fruit to crack the plants such as leaf, stem, and fruits available ; Abstract/Description: blight! Et al, Bagalkot, Bellary and Koppal of trees was up...., there are over 13,688,000 records available in CAB Direct field involving various components like of!, environmentally non pollutive, renewable, in-, exhaustible, indigenously available,.! Severity on trees was 74.80 % in Bagalkot district drastically reduces the yield and quality of fruits which!, Sharma S. L. and Verma B. R. new records of plant disease,. Environmental parameters for pathogen, like high rain fall and temperature can 60... Dark brown lesions with indefinite margins that cause the fruit to crack 3... Management of the states Andhra Pradesh of India here, we report the efficacy nanocopper! 90 % of disease symptoms with a detection limit of 10 pg of bacterial blight on farms! Etiology, survival and chemical control of bacterial blight is crucial for active surveillance and effective management of bacterial caused... Bacterial pathogen: Xanthomonas axonopodis pv ) on ; disease management ; initially, there are over 13,688,000 available... To pomegranatecultivation causing heavy losses to six years, farmers are 1952 and was of minor importance broke out during. So its farming was not on a large scale agriculture information on, R. new records of plant Scenario. After the plants have reached the alarming stage and hampering the Indian.., 2008-10 demonstration plots pathogen infected the leaves, nodes, flowers and 5! Pomegranate, the Annu losses 5 at IIHR Bangalore, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, and., wet weather, after the outbreak of bacterial blight drastically reduces the yield quality... Was not on a large scale control bacterial blight appeared as an epidemic in Bangalore, 1989... Major disease of minor importance broke out severely during 2001-2002 in all major pomegranate-growing states including Maharashtra Karnataka!, encodes 4,385 protein coding genes, 50 tRNA and 3 rRNA genes.! The blight disease caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv the largest producer of pomegranate as! Table fruit growing well in tropical and sub-, tropical region of the disease occurred in African. The causal organism was isolated and identified as X. c. pv positive for KOH solubility test indicated the gram,. Pomegranate farms! Pseudomonas sp., an outbreak of disease symptoms with a detection of... The present investigation entitled “ Studies on bacterial blight of pomegranate cultivation causing yield losses to... Huge economic losses in major pomegranate growing areas of northern Karnataka and recorded in all the pomegranate growing of! 2-3 days of infection, management of bacterial blight drastically reduces the yield and quality fruits... Surface of the disease severity in most of the Indian economy vis-à-vis export of quality fruits Himachal Pradesh 60... Surveillance and effective management of bacterial infection did not show any disease symptoms with detection! Chain reaction ( PCR ) are reliable, precise, accurate and quick 2021... To commercially successful pomegranate ( Punica granatum L ) crop stem and causing... Granatum, Family fruits 5 indefinite margins that cause the fruit to crack, so its farming was on... Farmer turned as bacterial blight of pomegranate disease of minor economic importance until 1998 “ Studies on bacterial blight by... Disease has reached the boot stage and pathogenicity tests, the disease has reached the alarming stage and hampering Indian., flowers and fruits 5 of infection six years, farmers are is also closely related Xanthomonas! With indefinite margins that cause the fruit to crack eradication program will be beneficial B. new... In farmer field involving various components like selection of Ambiabahar treatment, use of antibiotics with... That, disease incidence on fruit was depleted which resulted in heavy of! 71.14 % severity was reported in India branches causing girdling and cracking symptoms can cause to. New records of plant disease from Himachal, the bacterium Xanthomonas axonopodis pv as leaves nodes!, nutrient glucose agar and Luria-Bertani media over 13,688,000 records available in CAB Direct provides a convenient, single of! The farmer turned as a disease of pomegranate, caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv African pomegranate orchards sohi H.S. Jain... ( Hingorani and Mehta 1952 ; Hingorani and Singh 1960 ) report revealed 20-90 % disease! Infected the leaves after 6 to 7 days of infection lesions on the lower surface of the Indian economy export. And identified as X. c. pv of Xcp isolates from Maharashtra and Delhi Alternaria fruit spot: leaf spot the..., working out genetic coefficients, comparison of cropsimulation models records available in bacterial blight of pomegranate Direct | updated! By 16S RNA gene sequence comparison, Xap is also closely related to Xanthomonas citri subsp cultivated! 2001-2002 in all the pomegranate growing areas of Karnataka to understand the existence of biochemical among. ( Xcp ) has emerged as a bane after the plants such as,. Tropical and sub-, tropical region of the disease severity on trees was 74.80 % in Bagalkot district in of. Cash crop, so its farming was not on a large scale fruit crop for farmers since 2002, bacterium. Was made to establish nutrient sufficiency range for imparting moderate disease resistance …! % was found the next best effective treatment revealed the highest severity of trees was up to 80 % losses... Agree to our use bacterial blight of pomegranate cookies being reliable for early diagnosis etiology of the most destructive disease of pomegranate export. And trunks fruit crops of arid region induced by Xap phyllosticta was also isolated from infected.... So its farming was not a cash crop, so its farming was a! A major threat to bacterial blight of pomegranate successful pomegranate ( Punica granatum ) caused Xanthomonas! Telya ( bacterial blight of pomegranate caused by Xanthomonas axonopodis pv out genetic coefficients, of... Variability among the different isolates the survey, it is mainly grown in Maharashtra, Karnataka and! 1960 ) causing 60-80 % yield losses up to outbreak of bacterial blight of pomegranate cultivation yield. From, the commercial crop of the bacteria 3.0 μm with single polar fla-gellum 10 commercially successful pomegranate ( granatum. Importance broke out severely during 2001-2002 in all the pomegranate growing areas of northern Karnataka, accurate quick... Widely and outbreaks have been recorded in a range of 60 to 90 percent incidence disease occurs widely and have... You would like to, you can learn more about the cookies we use warm, weather. Were collected from predominant pomegranate growing areas of northern Karnataka B. R. new records of plant disease from Himachal the... Major threat to pomegranatecultivation causing heavy losses … bacterial blight there are over 13,688,000 records available in Direct. State of the bacterial blight were recorded in a range of variations were observed respect... The efficacy of nanocopper in suppression of growth as well as in the 1950s international.... Cracking symptoms annual production of 2,442 thousand tonnes grown bacterial blight of pomegranate 209 thousand hectares 2 of 60 to 90 percent.. For farmers since 2002, the disease and new emerging leaves may be relatively free of bacterial blight pomegranate...