It presents 8% lower operating costs per seat than others. [12] On 5 February 1973, the second prototype performed its maiden flight. It has cargo aircraft versions, and was derived into the Airbus A310 MRTT military tanker/transport. In the A300-600F variant, this aircraft … The A310 introduced a two-crew glass cockpit, later adopted for the A300-600 with a common type rating. The Airbus A330 is a wide-body aircraft designed and produced by Airbus.Airbus conceived several derivatives of the A300, its first airliner in the mid-1970s.Then the company began development on the A330 twinjet in parallel with the A340 quadjet and launched both designs with their first orders in June 1987. [7]:2–14[8]:39[5]:53, Airbus Industrie was initially headquartered in Paris, which is where design, development, flight testing, sales, marketing, and customer support activities were centered; the headquarters was relocated to Toulouse in January 1974. The A300 was the world’s first twin-engine wide-body and the first Airbus model built. The Airbus A300-600 incorporates outstanding improvements such as the two Electronic Flight Instrument System cockpit, increased travel range, advanced digital avionics based on A310, tail empennage that enhanced passenger payload and freight, small winglets, systems were made easy to use, fowler flaps and added camber on the wings. A decade after the arrival of the A300, the Airbus family expanded with the A310 taking to the air in 1982 and the A300-600 in 1983. [14]:57 The lack of a third tail-mounted engine, as per the trijet configuration used by some competing airliners, allowed for the wings to be located further forwards and to reduce the size of the vertical stabilizer and elevator, which had the effect of increasing the aircraft's flight performance and fuel efficiency.[17]:21[5]:50. The first twin-engine widebody airliner, the A300 typically seats 247 passengers in two classes over a range of 5,375 to 7,500 km (2,900 to 4,050 nmi). History and Features . The first delivery was made to Germanair (which later merged into Bavaria Germanair) on 23 May 1975. Its cross section was retained for the larger A340 (1991) and A330 (1992). Commonly referred to as the Airbus Beluga or "Airbus Super Transporter," these five airframes are used by Airbus to ferry parts between the company's disparate manufacturing facilities, thus enabling workshare distribution. [4] On 18 December 1970, Airbus Industrie was formally established following an agreement between Aérospatiale (the newly merged Sud Aviation and Nord Aviation) of France and the antecedents to Deutsche Aerospace of Germany, each receiving a 50 per cent stake in the newly formed company. A340-300, 335 passengers in two classes to 7,150 nautical miles. Range with 269 passengers and reserves 3430km (1850nm). Addition work included moving elements of the wings being produced in the Netherlands, and Spain producing the horizontal tail plane. PAYLOAD. [12] Kracht's solution was to have the various A300 sections brought to Toulouse by a fleet of Boeing 377-derived Aero Spacelines Super Guppy aircraft, by which means none of the manufacturing sites were more than two hours away. [12][17]:16 For increased flexibility, the cabin floor was raised so that standard LD3 freight containers could be accommodated side-by-side, allowing more cargo to be carried. A330-800. [11]:34[16], Perhaps the most significant change of the A300B was that it would not require new engines to be developed, being of a suitable size to be powered by Rolls-Royce's RB211, or alternatively the American Pratt & Whitney JT9D and General Electric CF6 powerplants; this switch was recognized as considerably reducing the project's development costs. On 3 April 1982, the first prototype conducted its maiden flight and it received its type certification on 11 March 1983. A330-900. [10][12] The final assembly line for the A300 was located adjacent to Toulouse Blagnac International Airport. It had swept flight surfaces,including a low-mounted wing with a sweep of 28 degrees at quarter-chord andfitted with twin GE CF6-50 series high-bypass turbofans, with versions in thethrust range of 227.4 kN (23.1 kgp / 51,000 lbf) to 240.8 kN (24.5 kgp /54,000 lbf). [12][5]:53, In September 1969, construction of the first prototype A300 began. Germany and France reached an agreement on 29 May 1969 after the British withdrew from the project on 10 April 1969. [25], From 1997 to 2014, a single A300, designated A300 Zero-G, was operated by the European Space Agency (ESA), centre national d'études spatiales (CNES) and the German Aerospace Center (DLR) as a reduced-gravity aircraft for conducting research into microgravity; the A300 is the largest aircraft to ever have been used in this capacity. [16][8]:39, On 29 May 1969, during the Paris Air Show, French transport minister Jean Chamant and German economics minister Karl Schiller signed an agreement officially launching the Airbus A300, the world's first twin-engine widebody airliner. A330 Family aircraft . [5][10] In July 1967, during a high-profile meeting between French, German, and British ministers, an agreement was made for greater cooperation between European nations in the field of aviation technology, and "for the joint development and production of an airbus". A300-620C: (Official designation: A300C4-620) A convertible-freighter version. [31], The life UPS's fleet of 52 A300s, delivered from 2000 to 2006, will be extended to 2035 by a flight deck upgrade based around Honeywell Primus Epic avionics; new displays and flight management system (FMS), improved weather radar, a central maintenance system, and a new version of the current enhanced ground proximity warning system. Refinements made by Hawker Siddeley to the wing's design provided for greater lift and overall performance; this gave the aircraft the ability to climb faster and attain a level cruising altitude sooner than any other passenger aircraft. [12][17]:20 In 1979, Britain joined the Airbus consortium via British Aerospace, which Hawker Siddeley had merged into, which acquired a 20 per cent stake in Airbus Industrie with France and Germany each reducing their stakes to 37.9 per cent. Official Airbus merchandise Let's shop. On 3 September 1970, Air France signed a letter of intent for six A300s, marking the first order to be won for the new airliner. Its longer range and ETOPS regulations allowed it to be operated transatlantic flights. [10][12] By this time, Rolls-Royce had been concentrating their efforts upon developing their RB211 turbofan engine instead and progress on the RB207's development had been slow for some time, the firm having suffered due to funding limitations, both of which had been factors in the engine switch decision. It has overwing exits between the two main front and rear door pairs. © 2001 - 2019, Karsten Palt, Leipzig / Germany - All rights reserved. Officially designated A300B4-600, this version is slightly longer than the B2 and B4 and has increased interior space from using the A310 rear fuselage and horizontal tail. MAXIMUM … Like other Airbus cargo aircraft it’s well suited to transporting palletised cargo. The A300 and A310 introduced the concept of commonality: A300-600 and A310 pilots can qualify for the other aircraft with one day of training. TEA instantly subleased the aircraft for six weeks to Air Algérie, but continued to operate the aircraft until 1990. [19] Upon entry into service in 1974, the A300 was a very advanced plane, which went on to influence later airliner designs. The final version was the A300-600R and is rated for 180-minute ETOPS. [18], On 15 March 1974, type certificates were granted for the A300 from both German and French authorities, clearing the way for its entry into revenue service. Airbus had demand for an aircraft smaller than the A300. The early versions of the A300 were flown with a 3 man cockpit crew with flight engineer. The first modification will be made at Airbus Toulouse in 2019 and certified in 2020. As of July 2017, there are 211 A300s in service with 22 operators, with the largest operator being FedEx Express with 68 A300-600F aircraft.[33]. The aircraft is an advanced development of the original A300 B2/B4 series of aircraft first built in the 1970s and entered service in 1984. The A330-300 is a large capacity, medium- to long-range aircraft, and the largest of the twinjet family. Airbus A300 pictures, specifications, cabin configuration. Having the sections airlifted in this manner made the A300 the first airliner to use just-in-time manufacturing techniques, and allowed each company to manufacture its sections as fully equipped, ready-to-fly assemblies. The remaining A300s still flying were converted into freight … The Airbus A310 is a twin-engined medium- to long-range widebody airliner with a capacity of maximum 265 Passengers produced by the European manufacturer Airbus. Like all wide-body jetliners in … The A300B1 was five frames shorter than the later production versions, being only 50.97 m (167.2 ft) in length. [12][7]:2–16 Béteille opted for English as the working language for the developing aircraft, as well against using Metric instrumentation and measurements, as most airlines already had US-built aircraft. [18] It was the launch of the Airbus A320 in 1987 that firmly established Airbus as a major player in the aircraft market – over 400 orders were placed before the narrow-body airliner had flown its first flight, compared to 15 for the A300 in 1972. Back in the 1960s, a small number of European countries came together to bring the best technology none of them could exploit alone, producing a jet that could carry between … By the 1990s, the A300 was being heavily promoted as a cargo freighter. The A330-300, the first variant, took its maiden flight in November 1992 and entered service with … From then on, the A300 family sold well, eventually reaching a total of 816 delivered aircraft.[1]. The 5.64 m (222 in) diameter circular fuselage section allows an eight-abreast passenger seating and is wide enough for 2 LD3 cargo containers side by side. Borman proceeded to order 23 A300s, becoming the first U.S. customer for the type. Range 15,094 km 8 150 nm; Typical seating 3-class 220-260 220-260; Overall … [17]:22 The first production model, the A300B2, entered service in 1974, followed by the A300B4 one year later. The savior of the A300 was the advent of Extended Range Twin Operations (ETOPS), a revised FAA rule which allows twin-engine jets to fly long-distance routes that were previously off-limits to them. A300-600R: (Official designation: A300B4-600R) The increased-range −600, achieved by an additional trim fuel tank in the tail. Later A300s incorporated other advanced features such as the Forward-Facing Crew Cockpit, which enabled a two-pilot flight crew to fly the aircraft alone without the need for a flight engineer, the functions of which were automated; this two-man cockpit concept was a world-first for a wide-body aircraft. A300-600 - Range at same parameters 6670km (3600nm). The prototype first flew on 28 October 1972. [18][5]:50–52 Following the appointment of Bernard Lathière as Henri Ziegler's replacement, an aggressive sales approach was adopted. Getting around ETOPS restrictions Plans for the development of a European widebody aircraft emerged during the mid … [18] On 23 May 1974, Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) certification was received. First saw service with. The manufacturing process necessitated transporting each aircraft section being produced by the partner companies scattered across Europe to this one location. It was powered by the same General Electric CF6-80 or Pratt & Whitney JT9D then PW4000 turbofans. Four decades ago the Airbus adventure started to produce an innovative aircraft-the A300–to challenge the then market best sellers. [12], On 26 September 1967, the British, French, and West German governments signed a Memorandum of Understanding to start development of the 300-seat Airbus A300. But after 15 years, Airbus ended production of the A310, turning to larger widebodies … It had a lot to live up to; the A300 was the first twin-engine widebody in the world and the first ETOPS-compliant aircraft too. A340-600, 380 passengers in three classes to a range of 7,550 nautical miles. They replaced the four Aero Spacelines Super Guppys previously used by Airbus. [38] The A300-600 made its first flight on 8 July 1983 and entered service later that year with Saudi Arabian Airlines. During this period a number of "whitetail" A300s – completed but unsold aircraft – were completed and stored at Toulouse, and production fell to half an aircraft per month amid calls to pause production completely. The remaining A300s still flying were converted into freight … The final production A300, an A300F freighter, performed its initial flight on 18 April 2007,[29] and was delivered to FedEx Express on 12 July 2007. Stay informed: Sign up for our daily aviation news digest. This aircraft was developed further into A300-600R, … After limited demand initially, sales took off as the type was proven in early service, beginning three decades of steady orders. The technological highlights include ", "A300/A310 Final Assembly to be completed by July 2007", "Airbus aims to fill freighter void with A330 derivative", "Police check gangster grenade blast theory", "Thai Plane Incident Prompts a New Look at Japan Gangs", "Airbus A300C4-620 9K-AHG Mosul Airport (MOS)", "Airbus A300B2-1C F-BUAE Montpellier-Frejorgues Airport (MPL)", https://www.indiatoday.in/magazine/neighbours/story/20000117-xyz-761801-2012-07-20, "ASN Aircraft accident Airbus A300B4-203F OO-DLL Baghdad International Airport (SDA)", "ASN Aircraft accident Airbus A300B4-203F XA-TUE Monterrey-General Mariano Escobedo International Airport (MTY)", "V Bratislave havarovalo nákladné lietadlo, zlyhal mu podvozok – Bratislava – bratislava.sme.sk", "Tristar A300 cargo plane crashed in Mogadishu – Aviation Analysis Wing", "A300 Airplane Characteristics for Airport Planning", "A300-600 Airplane Characteristics for Airport Planning", "A300F4-600 Airplane Characteristics for Airport Planning", "Type certificate data sheet A.172 for Airbus A300, A310 and A300-600", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Airbus_A300&oldid=999537283, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2016, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2016, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 5.287 m (17.35 ft) cabin, 5.64 m (18.5 ft), Mach 0.78 (450 kn; 833 km/h) FL350 cruise, M, A300B2-300: increased Maximum Landing Weight/Maximum Zero Fuel Weight, A300B4-200FF: An A300 with a "forward-facing" crew compartment. It is also the basis for the oversize Beluga transport (1994). However, between December 1975 and May 1977, there were no sales for the type. With a light usage of only two to three cycles per day, it will not reach the maximum number of cycles by then. The website has also a photo gallery and gives you an overview of all aviation museums worldwide. The Airbus A300 is a wide-body medium-to-long range airliner; it has the distinction of being the first twin-engine wide-body aircraft in the world. On 7 July 1978, the A310 (initially the A300B10) was launched with orders from Swissair and Lufthansa. A300C4: Convertible-freighter version, with a large cargo door on the port side. With airlines seeking more passengers and range, many chose other bigger aircraft for long-haul missions and single-aisle twinjet aircraft such as the A320 and Boeing 737 for short-haul operations. Airbus A300 reviews and traveller comments. The first delivery was in 1986, but few were built as the A300F4-200 was soon replaced by the more capable A300-600F (official designation: A300F4-600). The FAA issues a single type rating which allows operation of both the A310 and A300-600. This is the dedicated product page for our flagship product, where you can find out all the information you require. [12] It was later renamed the A300B. [4] Béteille drew up an initial work share plan for the project, under which French firms would produce the aircraft's cockpit, the control systems, and lower-center portion of the fuselage, Hawker Siddeley would manufacture the wings, while German companies would produce the forward, rear and upper part of the center fuselage sections. [20] The A300 was the basis for, and retained a high level of commonality with, the second airliner produced by Airbus, the smaller Airbus A310. [34] Production of the B2 and B4 totalled 248. [4] The intention of the project was to produce an aircraft that was smaller, lighter, and more economical than its three-engine American rivals, the McDonnell Douglas DC-10 and the Lockheed L-1011 TriStar. With this improvement, the A330-300 benefits from up to 500 nautical miles of extra range, to 6,350 nautical miles (11,750 km.) [16][8]:38–39 In response, West Germany proposed to France that they would be willing to contribute up to 50% of the project's costs if France was prepared to do the same. In April 1983, the aircraft entered revenue service with Swissair and competed with the Boeing 767-200, introduced six months before. The Airbus A300 is a wide-body medium-to-long range airliner; it has the distinction of being the first twin-engine wide-body aircraft in the world. It was the first wide-body twin-engined airliner and initially sales were slow until an order from Eastern Airlines, which had leased some examples and discovered their considerably better fuel consumption than their existing L-1011 Tristars. [10][18][8]:40 Aviation author John Bowen alleged that various concessions, such as loan guarantees from European governments and compensation payments, were a factor in the decision as well. [12] These decisions were partially influenced by feedback from various airlines, such as Air France and Lufthansa, as an emphasis had been placed on determining the specifics of what kind of aircraft that potential operators were seeking. The A300 would be produced in a range of models, and sold relatively well to airlines across the world, eventually reaching a total of 816 delivered aircraft during its production life. Metric; Imperial; Key figures. The first wide-body twinjet, the Airbus A300, entered service in 1974. ", "FOR EUROPE'S AIRBUS INDUSTRIE, IT'S DECISION TIME (Published 1981)", "PICTURE: China Eastern retires A300-600s. The CF6 engines were built under license by SNECMA of France.A Garrett auxiliary power unit (APU) turbine engine was fitted in th… [18][5]:52 As a result, The aircraft found particular favor with Asian airlines, being bought by Japan Air System, Korean Air, China Eastern Airlines, Thai Airways International, Singapore Airlines, Malaysia Airlines, Philippine Airlines, Garuda Indonesia, China Airlines, Pakistan International Airlines, Indian Airlines, Trans Australia Airlines and many others. [22] Another feature of later aircraft were the addition of wingtip fences, which generated greater aerodynamic performance (first introduced on the A310-300). [citation needed], In addition to passenger duties, the A300 became widely used by air freight operators; according to Airbus, it is the best selling freight aircraft of all time. A300-600: (Official designation: A300B4-600) The baseline model of the −600 series. The A300 has enjoyed renewed interest in the secondhand market for conversion to freighters; large numbers were being converted during the late 1990s. ", "Experience weightlessness on board the 'Zero-G' Airbus. Cargo pallets require a high-loader to access its main deck. [10][16][7]:2–14 The dimensional changes involved in the shrink reduced the length of the fuselage by 5.62 meters and the diameter by 0.8 meters, reducing the overall weight by 25 tonnes. Indian Airlines was the world's first domestic airline to purchase the A300, ordering three aircraft with three options. The combined use of ferries and roads were used for the assembly of the first A300, however this was time-consuming and not viewed as ideal by Felix Kracht, Airbus Industrie's production director. [5]:49[6][7]:2–13, European manufacturers were keen to explore prospective programs; the proposed 260-seat wide-body HBN 100 between Hawker Siddeley, Nord Aviation, and Breguet Aviation being one such example. [11]:34 Another parameter was the requirement for a new engine to be developed by Rolls-Royce to power the proposed airliner; a derivative of the in-development Rolls-Royce RB211, the triple-spool RB207, capable of producing of 47,500 lbf. [20], The A300 is powered by a pair of underwing turbofan engines, either General Electric CF6 or Pratt & Whitney JT9D engines; the sole use of underwing engine pods allowed for any suitable turbofan engine to be more readily used. [16] Additionally, the managing director of Hawker Siddeley, Sir Arnold Alexander Hall, decided that his company would remain in the project as a favoured sub-contractor, developing and manufacturing the wings for the A300, which would later become pivotal in later versions' impressive performance from short domestic to long intercontinental flights. 65000 KG / 143300 lbs . The cabin … [citation needed], The A300 provided Airbus the experience of manufacturing and selling airliners competitively. The world's first two-crew widebody airliner. A300-600RC: (Official designation: A300C4-600R) The convertible-freighter version of the -600R. The A330 is a medium to long range freighter jet. The aircraft is intended for short to medium-range flights and seats 250 to 300 passengers. Some operators just didn’t have the traffic to justify the capacity, while others desired increased frequencies over capacity. The basic fuselage of the A300 was later stretched (A330 and A340), shortened (A310), or modified into derivatives (A300-600ST Beluga Super Transporter). Welcome to the iniSimulations A300-600R(F). The mission requirements were given in 1966 by Frank Kolk, an American Airlines executive, for a Boeing 727 replacement on busy short- to medium-range routes such as US transcontinental flights. This enabled Airbus to develop the aircraft as a medium/long range airliner. [8]:40 Another world-first of the A300 is the use of composite materials on a commercial aircraft, which was used on both secondary and later primary airframe structures, decreasing overall weight and improving cost-effectiveness. T he A300-600 jetliner’s wide-body fuselage cross-section, high versatility and low operating costs make it an ideal regional freighter. [citation needed], The Airbus A300 is a wide-body medium-to-long range airliner; it has the distinction of being the first twin-engine wide-body aircraft in the world. It provides code tables for aerodromes, air operators including the world's major airlines and for ICAO and IATA codes for aircraft. Beysens, Daniel A. and Jack J.W. The A310 is a shortened development of the Airbus A300 and the second aircraft model of the former Airbus consortium. [37] Other changes include an improved wing featuring a recambered trailing edge, the incorporation of simpler single-slotted Fowler flaps, the deletion of slat fences, and the removal of the outboard ailerons after they were deemed unnecessary on the A310. Airbus A300 commercial aircraft. In 1977, the A300B4 became the first ETOPS compliant aircraft,[23] qualifying for Extended Twin Engine Operations over water, providing operators with more versatility in routing. First delivered to. [7]:2–13[16][17]:17–18, On 10 April 1969, a few months after the decision to drop the RB207 had been announced, the British government announced that they would withdraw from the Airbus venture. It has a similar capacity to the Boeing 767-300, introduced in 1986, but lacked the 767-300ER range. While studies were performed and considered, such as a stretched twin-engine variant of the Hawker Siddeley Trident and an expanded development of the British Aircraft Corporation BAC One-Eleven, designated the BAC Two-Eleven, it was recognized that if each of the European manufacturers were to launch similar aircraft into the market at the same time, neither would achieve sales volume needed to make them viable. , range with 269 passengers and reserves 4908km ( 2650nm ) ( 9th... In April 1983, the A310 's range exceeds that of a Boeing 737, thoughthe Airbus was much... Also the basis for the A300 construction of the former Airbus consortium and the world 's airlines... 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And selling airliners competitively built in the Far East last delivery in June 1998, 255 aircraft produced. Has two powerful engines in 1977, the first delivery was airbus a300 range to Germanair ( which merged... To order 23 A300s, becoming the first airline to purchase the A300 is a shortened development the! December 1974 and was certified on 26 March 1975 which has 68 A300 aircraft been. Our flagship product, where you can find out all the information you require and has... Reach the maximum number of cycles by then port side 18 ] on 23 May 1975 A300 )... 10 ] [ 5 ]:53, in September 1969, construction of the original B2/B4. In three classes to 7,150 nautical miles ( 15,000 km ) electrically controlled braking system B2/B4 of... Demand for an aircraft smaller than the previous 235-tonne aircraft. [ 1 ] service that! Haul routes were forced to reduce frequencies to try and fill the aircraft. [ 1 ] Karsten,... 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( FAA ) certification was received, aircraft of the original A300 B2/B4 series of aircraft first in... S well suited to transporting palletised cargo and manufactured by Airbus partner companies scattered across Europe to this location... A300-600S ( all versions ) have been delivered and 410 are in.! 1983, the A300 has enjoyed renewed interest in the process of optimizing and will further... Freighter jet Airbus a300-600f is a twin-engine oversize-cargo freighter aircraft produced by the partner companies scattered across Europe to one! Algérie, but lacked the 767-300ER range issues a single type rating which allows operation of the... And others during its long, storied career are powered by the same General Electric CF6-80 Pratt... Was certified on 26 March 1975 ETOPS-compliant aircraft, due to its pallet friendly design freight … to. Type rating which allows operation of both the A310, using digital technology airbus a300 range electronic,... 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Crew with flight engineer involved in 75 accidents and incidents, including 35 hull-losses and fatalities... Pw4000 turbofans aircraft, due to its pallet friendly design others desired increased frequencies over capacity a300-600f (! A three-crew flight deck [ 34 ] production of the A310s and A300-600s digital avionics can be loaded unloaded... Industrie was formally created on 18 December 1970 to develop and produce it, followed the! You can find out all the information you require June 1998, 255 aircraft were,...

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